A medication is generally a prescribed drug used to cure, treat, or even prevent illness. It is usually dispensed by the doctor or a pharmacist. Medication therapy is an essential part of the medical discipline and is based on the study of pharmacology for continuous improvement and on pharmacy for proper management. The main objective of medication therapy is to control or alter the course of action of a disease and to promote the general health of the patient by preventing diseases before they develop into serious disorders.
The course of medication varies according to the type and severity of the disease that are to be treated.
In most cases, the doctor will prescribe medication that can be taken orally to overcome the disease. Commonly used medications are antibiotics that can be taken orally or in a form of a pill, steroids, which are given intravenously, and anti-psychotics which are taken as tablets or capsules.
- Depending on the disease, the course of medication could last from a few days to a few weeks or even months. The duration of medication differs from person to person, from one case to another and with different diseases. Usually, medication therapy will include psychotherapy to help the patient deal with symptoms of depression or anxiety as well as medication to overcome the disease.
There are many types of medication therapy, including anti-depressant which is prescribed in conjunction with therapy.
However, medication therapy includes a wide variety of treatment modalities, such as cognitive behavioral therapy, medication, lifestyle change, and biofeedback or relaxation techniques. These treatments are designed to help the patient change his thought patterns and behavior patterns to avoid relapse. Medication can also be combined with some forms of psychotherapy such as anxiety reduction or divorce treatment. The course of medication varies depending on the type and severity of the disorder.